Macadamia Nut Seeds & Trees
The best soil we found for starting Macadamia Nuts is Tree & Shrub Planting Mix with slow release pellets. Fill a pot almost full then carefully place the nut with the root down & fill the pot with the planting mix, pat down the soil around the nut then water. Keep moist until you see the sprout coming up from the soil. Sometimes the nut will actually push itself right out of the soil! If this happens just top again with more planting mix to cover. The young tree should be provided with plenty of light & protected from winds. Macadamias dislike frost or sitting in pools of water but otherwise are tough & have few pests. Nuts are produced after 4 to 6 years if grown in a temperate to tropical climate.
Succulents - Blue Century Agave, Prickly Pear, Jade, Pencil Cactus, Aeoniums
All succulents are naturally drought tolerant plants due to their ability of storing water in their leaves, stems or roots. They are easy care plants when grown in full sun with a well draining soil mixture. Succulents can not take frost or snow. Frost will kill or damage a succulent in a matter of minutes! Succulents make great container plants. If it freezes in your area, plant it in a container that you can take in during cold snaps. Succulents like to dry out between waterings. Cuttings need to be kept moist for the first month or so until roots develope.
Hawaiian Plumeria Cuttings
When planting the cutting, dip the cut end in RooTone� or other root hormone with fungicide. Plant it shallow in sand or perlite mixed with potting soil as good drainage is necessary. Stake the cutting for support or place it against the side of the container for additional support while forming roots. Water sparingly but keep the soil moist. Place the cutting in strong or full sunlight. Bottom heat by placing the container on sun-baked concrete can help promote faster root formation and growth. New leaf growth signals that the roots have formed this usually takes 6-8 weeks. Tip cuttings may bloom the first year if latent buds are already in the tip on the cutting, but generally takes one or more years to produce their own blossoms. Plumerias have an abundance of gorgeous & fragrant flowers from early summer until fall. In the tropics some varieties can grow to a height of over 30 feet. All varieties can be planted and pruned into a large hedge when grown in the garden or kept as a flowering container plant. Plumeria's 2 to 4 inch flowers are extremly fragrant, so plant trees close to windows & patio areas to enjoy the exquisite fragrance. Plumerias go dormant in the winter & come back in the spring.
Plant in a sunny location & keep moist for the first few weeks until the roots have taken hold. They can be grown as an unusal houseplant when put in a bright sunny location and watered at least 3 times a week. No sunny location inside? Potted cane can be grown with the assistance of a 40-watt grow light. When planted in a row they make a natural privacy barrier & a nice wind break. Sugarcane grown outdoors can reach a height from 4 to 12 feet and may take up to 18 months for a stalk to fully mature. When grown in tropical to sub-tropical climate they will multiply quickly. The number of canes will approximately double each preceding growing season as well as becoming thicker each year. Regularly remove dead leaves and weeds from the soil or the growth of the cane stalk can be stunted. Mature Sugarcane are harvested by cutting level with the soil. This allows the original roots to regrow at least 2 - 3 more times before new ratoons are required. After harvesting be sure to continue the same watering & care as when the plant was actively growing above ground level.
Loquat Trees & Seeds (also Known as a Japanese Plum)
Plant in a sunny location. Dig a hole & mix compost in with the soil. Place the plant in the hole & fill in with the dirt mixture. Keep moist for the first few weeks until the plant is established. Steak the young tree if it is in an area that is windy. This plant is drought tolerant & can dry out between waterings. After planting your new tree water every day for the first week. Reduce to once a week after that & maintain this schedule for the first three years of growth. After that, only water when the tree shows signs of drought stress or when it is flowering & fruiting. Fertilize the newly planted loquat tree with 6-6-6 fertilizer one month after you plant it. After that, fertilize the tree with 6-6-6 fertilizer every four months.
Plant in a sunny location next to a fence or trellis. Dig a hole & mix compost in with the soil. Place the plant in the hole & fill in with the dirt mixture. keep moist for the first few weeks until the plant is established. As the vines grow tie loosely to the fence or trellis so they do not touch the ground. Trailing vines will reroot when they come in contact with the ground. This plant is drought tolerant & can dry out between waterings. Water regularly when it is flowering & fruiting. Prune after harvest has ended removing all the dead canes as they can start disease in the plant if left on the vine. Prune off all growth that comes up out of the ground where you don't want the bush to spread. If you want it to spread, leave them & they will produce fruit the next year.
Passion Fruit Rootstocks
Plant in a sunny location near a fence or trellis as they like to climb. Keep moist for the first few weeks until the roots have taken hold. Passion fruit vines require a frost free environment & regular watering is a must for good flower production. The type of soil is not as important as it's draining ability. Passion Fruit Vines are vigorous growers and need regular fertilization for a bountiful harvest.
Herbs - African Blue Basil/Pineapple Sage/Peppermint
These herbs grow best in particial shade with regular watering. They are perennials & will grow almost year round when the flowers are kept pruned off & are protected from bad weather. If limbs start to seem lanky (this usually happens in the 2nd or 3rd season) just prune back and the new growth will have leaves much closer together. Do not let these herbs go to seed as the seed is usually infertile and the plant will then die off.
A handy herb & unusal houseplant when grown in a bright sunny location. No sunny location inside? Potted Lemongrass can be grown with the assistance of a grow light. When planted outdoors it is hardy to Zone 9, where it will go dormant in the mild winters, & could eventually reach about 9 foot tall. In colder climates it needs to be taken inside during the winter & it only reaches about 3 foot or so tall. Lemongrass needs plenty of water and full sun for it to do it's very best. When bringing it inside in the fall, cut back to about 8 inches tall. Store in a cool part of the home & reduce the water to a minimum & it will go dormant. Later in the winter the Lemongrass will start to show signs of new growth, move it to a warm sunny window & resume normal watering. Replant in the ground after all danger of frost has passed.